In 1956, an assistant professor of mathematics at Dartmouth College, John McCarthy, organized a group of professors and scientists to explore the possibility of simulating human intelligence with machines.

This two-month brainstorming session produced two important results. Attendees coined the term artificial intelligence) (AI), which led to the recognition of AI as its own branch of science.

Public interest in AI has ebbed and flowed, but generally speaking, society’s expectations have outstripped our engineering capacity. This created two “AI winters” in which both funding and interest in AI research plunged.

But AI has returned, for one main reason: after 60 years of nonstop development in the information and communications industry, society finally has the means to make AI a practical reality.

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