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Design new materials with specific properties: Breaking down band structures

Despite a deep understanding of the properties of individual atoms — the 'ingredients' that make up a crystal — scientists found that, when they are combined they often display new, unanticipated properties, making efforts to design new materials little more than guesswork. To make that process more predictable, scientists have produced a system to represent band structures — energy bands, similar to electron orbital, that run through solids — to quickly understand the properties of a given material.

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Big data and technology in disasters: Better integration needed for effective response

Disasters are becoming more commonplace and complex, and the challenges for rescue and humanitarian organizations increase. Increasingly these groups turn to big data to help provide solutions. Researchers wished to examine how ICT tools and big data were being used in disaster responses. By conducting a structured literature search and developing a data extraction tool on the use of ICT and big data during disasters they showed that some important gaps exist which should be part of a future research focus.

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